History

NA TVRDOJ STINI

The significance of Knin goes back to ancient times, in the midst of civilization. The earliest sites on the Mount Spas date from Neolithic.The first Copper Age culture in the wider Dalmatian region was discovered in Knin, also on the Mount Spas. As for the Bronze Age, Spas of Knin has been considered to be the only true settlement in the entire eastern Adriatic.

Knin is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It had the municipal status even in the Ancient Age. The first mention of Knin (Ninia) as a city (poleis) occurred 7 years BC in the famous Strabon’s Geography when Knin was one of only four Delmatic cities. Only Knin and Solin (Salona) have survived up to date.

The significance of Knin was even greater during the Middle Ages. At that time, it was the capital of the Croatian Kings Svetoslav, Drzislav, Dmitar Zvonimir and Petar Svacic. Over the centuries it has been occupied by the Hungarians, Turks, Venetians, French, Austrians, Italians and Germans.

In the city, at the Capitol of Knin, there was also the Seat of the Croatian bishop. The first ethnic and state-political term of Croatia – Dvx Chroatorvm – was engraved on the Capitol. The city was finally liberated on August 5, 1995. This was crowned by the magnificent military operation of the Croatian Army called the Storm (Oluja). In memory of the late Croatian defenders, the monument of the Croatian victory called Storm 95 (Oluja ’95) was built.